标准库头文件 <format>

来自cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | header
 
 
 

此头文件是格式化库的一部分。

目录

(C++20)
定义给定类型的格式化规则的类模板
(类模板) [编辑]
格式化字符串分析器状态
(类模板) [编辑]
格式化状态,包括所有格式化参数和输出迭代器
(类模板) [编辑]
提供对用户定义格式化器的格式化参数的访问的类
(类模板) [编辑]
提供对所有格式化参数的访问的类
(类模板) [编辑]
格式化错误时抛出的异常类型
(类) [编辑]

函数

(C++20)
在新 string 中存储参数的格式化表示
(函数模板) [编辑]
(C++20)
通过输出迭代器写其参数的格式化表示
(函数模板) [编辑]
通过输出迭代器写其参数的格式化表示,不超出指定的大小
(函数模板) [编辑]
确定存储其参数的格式化表示所需的字符数
(函数模板) [编辑]
(C++20)
std::format 的使用类型擦除的参数表示的非模板变体
(函数) [编辑]
std::format_to 的使用类型擦除的参数表示的非模板变体
(函数) [编辑]
用户定义格式化器的参数观览接口
(函数模板) [编辑]
创建引用所有格式化参数的类型擦除对象,可转换到 format_args
(函数模板) [编辑]

[编辑] 概要

namespace std {
  // 格式化函数
  template<class... Args>
    string format(string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    wstring format(wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    string format(const locale& loc, string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    wstring format(const locale& loc, wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
 
  string vformat(string_view fmt, format_args args);
  wstring vformat(wstring_view fmt, wformat_args args);
  string vformat(const locale& loc, string_view fmt, format_args args);
  wstring vformat(const locale& loc, wstring_view fmt, wformat_args args);
 
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    Out format_to(Out out, string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    Out format_to(Out out, wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    Out format_to(Out out, const locale& loc, string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    Out format_to(Out out, const locale& loc, wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
 
  template<class Out>
    Out vformat_to(Out out, string_view fmt, format_args_t<Out, char> args);
  template<class Out>
    Out vformat_to(Out out, wstring_view fmt, format_args_t<Out, wchar_t> args);
  template<class Out>
    Out vformat_to(Out out, const locale& loc, string_view fmt,
                   format_args_t<Out, char> args);
  template<class Out>
    Out vformat_to(Out out, const locale& loc, wstring_view fmt,
                   format_args_t<Out, wchar_t> args);
 
  template<class Out> struct format_to_n_result {
    Out out;
    iter_difference_t<Out> size;
  };
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    format_to_n_result<Out> format_to_n(Out out, iter_difference_t<Out> n,
                                        string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    format_to_n_result<Out> format_to_n(Out out, iter_difference_t<Out> n,
                                        wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    format_to_n_result<Out> format_to_n(Out out, iter_difference_t<Out> n,
                                        const locale& loc, string_view fmt,
                                        const Args&... args);
  template<class Out, class... Args>
    format_to_n_result<Out> format_to_n(Out out, iter_difference_t<Out> n,
                                        const locale& loc, wstring_view fmt,
                                        const Args&... args);
 
  template<class... Args>
    size_t formatted_size(string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    size_t formatted_size(wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    size_t formatted_size(const locale& loc, string_view fmt, const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    size_t formatted_size(const locale& loc, wstring_view fmt, const Args&... args);
 
  // 格式化器
  template<class T, class charT = char> struct formatter;
 
  // 类模板 basic_format_parse_context
  template<class charT> class basic_format_parse_context;
  using format_parse_context = basic_format_parse_context<char>;
  using wformat_parse_context = basic_format_parse_context<wchar_t>;
 
  template<class Out, class charT> class basic_format_context;
  using format_context = basic_format_context<unspecified, char>;
  using wformat_context = basic_format_context<unspecified, wchar_t>;
 
  // 实参
  // 类模板 basic_format_arg
  template<class Context> class basic_format_arg;
 
  template<class Visitor, class Context>
    /* 见描述 */ visit_format_arg(Visitor&& vis, basic_format_arg<Context> arg);
 
  // class template format-arg-store
  template<class Context, class... Args> struct /*format-arg-store*/;  // 仅为阐释
 
  template<class Context = format_context, class... Args>
    /*format-arg-store*/<Context, Args...>
      make_format_args(const Args&... args);
  template<class... Args>
    /*format-arg-store*/<wformat_context, Args...>
      make_wformat_args(const Args&... args);
 
  // 类模板 basic_format_args
  template<class Context> class basic_format_args;
  using format_args = basic_format_args<format_context>;
  using wformat_args = basic_format_args<wformat_context>;
 
  template<class Out, class charT>
    using format_args_t = basic_format_args<basic_format_context<Out, charT>>;
 
  // 类 format_error
  class format_error;
}

[编辑] 类模板 std::basic_format_parse_context

namespace std {
  template<class charT>
  class basic_format_parse_context {
  public:
    using char_type = charT;
    using const_iterator = typename basic_string_view<charT>::const_iterator;
    using iterator = const_iterator;
 
  private:
    iterator begin_;                                    // 仅为阐释
    iterator end_;                                      // 仅为阐释
    enum indexing { unknown, manual, automatic };       // 仅为阐释
    indexing indexing_;                                 // 仅为阐释
    size_t next_arg_id_;                                // 仅为阐释
    size_t num_args_;                                   // 仅为阐释
 
  public:
    constexpr explicit basic_format_parse_context(basic_string_view<charT> fmt,
                                                  size_t num_args = 0) noexcept;
    basic_format_parse_context(const basic_format_parse_context&) = delete;
    basic_format_parse_context& operator=(const basic_format_parse_context&) = delete;
 
    constexpr const_iterator begin() const noexcept;
    constexpr const_iterator end() const noexcept;
    constexpr void advance_to(const_iterator it);
 
    constexpr size_t next_arg_id();
    constexpr void check_arg_id(size_t id);
  };
}

[编辑] 类模板 std::basic_format_context

namespace std {
  template<class Out, class charT>
  class basic_format_context {
    basic_format_args<basic_format_context> args_;      // 仅为阐释
    Out out_;                                           // 仅为阐释
 
  public:
    using iterator = Out;
    using char_type = charT;
    template<class T> using formatter_type = formatter<T, charT>;
 
    basic_format_arg<basic_format_context> arg(size_t id) const;
    std::locale locale();
 
    iterator out();
    void advance_to(iterator it);
  };
}

[编辑] 类模板 std::basic_format_arg

namespace std {
  template<class Context>
  class basic_format_arg {
  public:
    class handle;
 
  private:
    using char_type = typename Context::char_type;                     // 仅为阐释
 
    variant<monostate, bool, char_type,
            int, unsigned int, long long int, unsigned long long int,
            float, double, long double,
            const char_type*, basic_string_view<char_type>,
            const void*, handle> value;                                // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class T> explicit basic_format_arg(const T& v) noexcept;  // 仅为阐释
    explicit basic_format_arg(float n) noexcept;                       // 仅为阐释
    explicit basic_format_arg(double n) noexcept;                      // 仅为阐释
    explicit basic_format_arg(long double n) noexcept;                 // 仅为阐释
    explicit basic_format_arg(const char_type* s);                     // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class traits>
      explicit basic_format_arg(
        basic_string_view<char_type, traits> s) noexcept;              // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class traits, class Allocator>
      explicit basic_format_arg(
        const basic_string<char_type, traits, Allocator>& s) noexcept; // 仅为阐释
 
    explicit basic_format_arg(nullptr_t) noexcept;                     // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class T>
      explicit basic_format_arg(const T* p) noexcept;                  // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class Visitor, class Ctx>
      friend auto visit_format_arg(Visitor&& vis,
                                   basic_format_arg<Ctx> arg);         // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class Ctx, class... Args>
      friend /*format-arg-store*/<Ctx, Args...>
        make_format_args(const Args&... args);                         // 仅为阐释
 
  public:
    basic_format_arg() noexcept;
 
    explicit operator bool() const noexcept;
  };
}

[编辑] std::basic_format_arg::handle

namespace std {
  template<class Context>
  class basic_format_arg<Context>::handle {
    const void* ptr_;                                           // 仅为阐释
    void (*format_)(basic_format_parse_context<char_type>&,
                    Context&, const void*);                     // 仅为阐释
 
    template<class T> explicit handle(const T& val) noexcept;   // 仅为阐释
 
    friend class basic_format_arg<Context>;                     // 仅为阐释
 
  public:
    void format(basic_format_parse_context<char_type>&, Context& ctx) const;
  };
}

[编辑] 类模板 format-arg-store

namespace std {
  template<class Context, class... Args>
  struct /*format-arg-store*/ {      // 仅为阐释
    array<basic_format_arg<Context>, sizeof...(Args)> args;
  };
}

[编辑] 类模板 std::basic_format_args

namespace std {
  template<class Context>
  class basic_format_args {
    size_t size_;                               // 仅为阐释
    const basic_format_arg<Context>* data_;     // 仅为阐释
 
  public:
    basic_format_args() noexcept;
 
    template<class... Args>
      basic_format_args(const /*format-arg-store*/<Context, Args...>& store) noexcept;
 
    basic_format_arg<Context> get(size_t i) const noexcept;
  };
}

[编辑] std::format_error

namespace std {
  class format_error : public runtime_error {
  public:
    explicit format_error(const string& what_arg);
    explicit format_error(const char* what_arg);
  };
}