标准库头文件 <thread>

来自cppreference.com
< cpp‎ | header
 
 
 

此头文件是线程支持库的一部分。

目录

(C++11)
管理分离的线程
(类) [编辑]

函数

特化 std::swap 算法
(函数模板) [编辑]
比较二个 thread::id 对象
(函数) [编辑]
序列化 thread::id 对象
(函数模板) [编辑]
特化 std::hash
(类模板特化)

命名空间

this_thread 提供访问当前执行线程的函数
函数
定义于命名空间 std::this_thread
(C++11)
建议实现再次调度线程的执行
(函数) [编辑]
(C++11)
返回当前线程的线程 id
(函数) [编辑]
(C++11)
使线程休眠一段时间
(函数) [编辑]
暂停当前线程的执行直到特定的时间点
(函数) [编辑]

[编辑] 概要

namespace std {
    class thread;
 
    void swap(thread& x, thread& y) noexcept;
 
    bool operator==(thread::id x, thread::id y) noexcept;
    bool operator!=(thread::id x, thread::id y) noexcept;
 
    bool operator<(thread::id x, thread::id y) noexcept;
    bool operator<=(thread::id x, thread::id y) noexcept;
    bool operator>(thread::id x, thread::id y) noexcept;
    bool operator>=(thread::id x, thread::id y) noexcept;
 
    template<class CharT, class Traits>
    basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>& operator<<(basic_ostream<CharT, Traits>& out,
                                            thread::id id);
 
    template <class T> struct hash;
    template <> struct hash<thread::id>;
 
    namespace this_thread {
 
        thread::id get_id() noexcept;
        void yield() noexcept;
        template <class Clock, class Duration>
            void sleep_until(const chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration>& abs_time);
        template <class Rep, class Period>
            void sleep_for(const chrono::duration<Rep, Period>& rel_time);
 
    }
}

[编辑] std::thread

class thread {
 public:
    // 类型:
    class id;
    typedef /*implementation-defined*/ native_handle_type;
 
    // 构造/复制/销毁:
    thread() noexcept;
    template <class F, class ...Args> explicit thread(F&& f, Args&&... args);
    ~thread();
    thread(const thread&) = delete;
    thread(thread&&) noexcept;
    thread& operator=(const thread&) = delete;
    thread& operator=(thread&&) noexcept;
 
    // 成员:
    void swap(thread&) noexcept;
    bool joinable() const noexcept;
    void join();
    void detach();
    id get_id() const noexcept;
    native_handle_type native_handle();
 
    // 静态成员:
    static unsigned hardware_concurrency() noexcept;
};

[编辑] std::thread::id

class thread::id {
 public:
    id() noexcept;
};